Origin and care
A Bonsai is cultivated and shaped as an image carrier of the beauty of nature. Bonsai literally means: tree in pot. Bonsai is grown in Asia and evokes the image of an old tree. The scale gives balance to the entire composition. Bonsai have always been older trees. A well-formed Bonsai is like a living painting in which all the characteristics of nature are recognizable. Bonsai is an experience of Eastern culture in a nutshell.
History of Bonsai.
Even before the beginning of our era, Chinese monks saw the beauty of trees that remained small in nature and also assigned great powers to them. As an image bearer of the mountainous environment, they took the trees home and continued to grow them in pots. Later, other tree species were also used and this created a culture and shape culture that has been called Bonsai.
A Bonsai is not a mathematical reduction of a large tree in nature, but it does give an impression of this. A good bonsai is like a living painting in which all characteristics of nature are recognizable. Bonsai is art and nature in one hand.
Your Bonsai already has a rich history and has been cultivated with the greatest care and shaped artistically. With the information below you can easily keep your Bonsai beautiful and healthy.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and grow. Too little water will dry out the leaves and, if it lasts for a long time, also let the sap flow dry out. Too much water causes the roots to rot in the shell and weakens the tree. Water your Bonsai when the soil starts to dry up and wait with the next watering until the tree has absorbed the water (with a normal location this is about every two days). Always make sure that the root ball sucks well, the excess water flows out of the pot from the bottom.
Every Bonsai needs certain substances to maintain its systems. It is best to use solid or liquid Bonsai food that you can obtain commercially. Press solid food into the soil and dissolve with the watering. You can mix liquid food in the irrigation water. Handle the dosage as indicated on the package. You can also use normal plant food, but keep in mind to adjust the dosage to 60%. Your Bonsai grows all year round and therefore needs nutrition all year round.
Your Bonsai is grown in South China and is used to an annual temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius. That is why it is ideal for indoor use. If the outside temperature is higher than 12 degrees Celsius, you can also place the Bonsai outside. Bonsai need light to grow properly. Place your Bonsai in a bright place, possibly with some direct sunlight. Avoid keeping your tree in direct sun all day long.
Thanks to the good cultivation, this Bonsai is in perfect balance. The amount of roots and foliage are excellent and the scale has also been chosen with care. After a few years of healthy growth, the roots will pinch in the pot and the Bonsai can be repotted. This gives you the opportunity to prune the roots so that the root ball remains young and vital. Repotting is best in the spring. Remove the tree from the pot and carefully comb the roots. After this you can prune 30% of the roots. For a good rejuvenation, remove some thicker roots. After this, the Bonsai can be returned to its own shell. Put some good loose potting soil, possibly mixed with some sharp sand, at the bottom of the pot and place the tree on it. After that you can fill the bowl with the same new soil mixture.
Diseases and plagues
A healthy Bonsai has little to no problems with diseases and pests. Lice or spider mites may enter it. Luis can be recognized by the sticky drops and the sapwood gives the leaf a slightly speckled pale color. To prevent aphids and spider mites, make sure that your Bonsai is in a well-ventilated place. This also prevents any attack by fungi such as mildew. In any garden center you can buy adequate means to combat the above.
Every tree has a natural tendency to grow at the tips and shed the oldest leaves or needles from the inside. For a beautiful, finely branched Bonsai you have to break this trend. This can be done very easily by pruning the end growth. The Bonsai you have purchased has all the right shape and size and therefore only needs to be maintained. You can remove all shoots that are outside the silhouette of the tree. All shoots on the branches that grow down or up may also be pruned. This way you keep the Bonsai healthy and in the right model.
Young branches naturally grow upwards and do not bend over time. The branches of your Bonsai are bent down to show the image of an old tree. You cannot determine the shape of your Bonsai yourself by means of wiring. If you wrap the branches at 45 degrees with wire of the right thickness, they can be bent into any desired shape. After some time, the branch will thicken further and pinch in the wire. Now is the time to remove the thread.
Bonsai Carmona housed in a torii. (Japanese gateway)