Origin and care
A Bonsai is cultivated and shaped as an image carrier of the beauty of nature. Literally translated Bonsai means tree in pot. Bonsai is grown in Asia and evokes the image of an old tree. The scale gives balance to the entire composition. Bonsai are always older trees. A well-formed Bonsai is like a living painting in which all the characteristics of nature are recognizable. Bonsai is an experience of Eastern culture in a nutshell.
History of Bonsai.
Even before the beginning of our era, Chinese monks saw the beauty of trees that were small in nature and also had great powers. As image bearers of the mountainous environment they took the trees home and further cultivated them in pots. Later, other tree species were also used and so a culture and form culture was created that was called Bonsai.
A Bonsai is not a mathematical reduction of a large tree in nature but gives the impression of it. A good bonsai is like a living painting in which all the characteristics of nature are recognizable. Bonsai is art and nature in one hand.
Your Bonsai already has a rich history and has been cultivated with the utmost care and artistically shaped. With the information below, your Bonsai can easily be kept nice and healthy.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and grow. Too little water will dry the leaves and, if it lasts for a long time, also allow the juice flow to dry out. Too much water causes the roots to rot in the shell and weakens the tree. Give your Bonsai water when the soil starts to dry and wait with the next irrigation until the tree has absorbed the water (at normal location this is about every two days). Always make sure that the root ball is fully suctioned, the excess water runs out of the pot through the bottom.
Every Bonsai needs certain substances to maintain its systems. It is best to use solid or liquid Bonsai fertilizer that you can obtain commercially. You feed solid feed into the soil and dissolve with the water supply. You mix liquid food through the irrigation water. Use the dosage as indicated on the packaging. You can also use normal plant food, but you should keep in mind to adjust the dosage to 60%. Your Bonsai grows throughout the year and therefore needs nutrition all year round.
Your Bonsai has been cultivated in South China and is used to a yearly temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius. That is why it is extremely suitable for indoor use. If the outdoor temperature is higher than 12 degrees Celsius, you can also place the Bonsai outdoors. Bonsai need light to grow well. Place your Bonsai in a light place, possibly with some direct sunlight. Do not allow your tree to be in direct sunlight all day long.
Thanks to the good cultivation, this Bonsai is in perfect balance. The amount of roots and leaves is excellent and the scale has been chosen with care. After a number of years of healthy growth, the roots will pinch the pot and the Bonsai may be repotted. This gives you the opportunity to prune the roots so that the root ball remains young and vital. Repotting is best in the spring. Remove the tree from the pot and carefully remove the roots. After this you can cut away 30% of the roots. For a good rejuvenation, remove some thicker roots. After this, the Bonsai can be returned to its own scale. Put some good loose soil, possibly mixed with some sharp sand, at the bottom of the pot and place the tree on it. Then you can fill the dish with the same new soil mixture.
Diseases and plagues
A healthy Bonsai has little or no problems with diseases and pests. There may be lice or spider. Luis recognizes you by the sticky drops and spider gives the leaf a light speckled pale color. To prevent lice and spider you should ensure that your Bonsai is in a well-ventilated place. This also prevents possible infestation by fungi such as mildew. In every garden center you can buy adequate resources to combat the above.
Every tree has the natural tendency to grow at the ends and repel the oldest leaves or needles from the inside. For a beautiful, finely branched Bonsai you have to break this trend. This can be done very simply by pruning the end growth. The Bonsai you have purchased already has the right shape and size and therefore only needs to be maintained. You can remove all shoots that are outside the silhouette of the tree. All shoots on the branches that grow downwards or upwards can also be pruned. This way you keep the Bonsai healthy and in the right model.
Young branches grow naturally and do not bend over time. The branches of your Bonsai are bent downwards to represent the image of an old tree. You can not determine the shape of your Bonsai or further by means of wiring. If you wrap the branches at 45 degrees with wire of the correct thickness, these can be bent into any desired shape. After some time, the branch will continue to thicken and pinch the wire. This is the right time to remove the wire again