A Bonsai is grown and shaped as an image carrier of the beauty of nature. Literally translated, Bonsai means: tree in pot. Bonsai is grown in Asia and evokes the image of an old tree. The scale gives balance to the entire composition. Bonsai have always been older trees. A well-shaped Bonsai is like a living painting in which all the characteristics of nature are recognizable. Bonsai is an experience of Eastern culture in a nutshell.
History of Bonsai.
Even before the beginning of our era, Chinese monks saw the beauty of trees that remained small in nature and assigned great powers to this. As an image carrier of the mountainous environment, they took the trees home and continued growing in pots. Later, other tree species were also used, and so a culture and form culture became known as Bonsai.
A Bonsai is not a mathematical reduction of a large tree in nature, but it gives the impression of it. A good bonsai is just like a living painting in which all the characteristics of nature are recognizable. Bonsai is art and nature in one hand.
Your Bonsai already has a rich history and has been cultivated with great care and artistically shaped. With the information below you can easily keep your Bonsai beautiful and healthy.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and grow. Too little water will make the leaves dry and, if it lasts for a long time, the juice flow will dry out. Too much water causes the roots in the bowl to rot and weaken the tree. Water your Bonsai as the soil begins to dry up and wait with the next watering until the tree has absorbed the water (at a normal location that is approximately every two days). Always ensure that the root ball is properly primed, the excess water runs out of the pot from the bottom.
Every Bonsai needs certain substances to maintain its systems. It is best to use solid or liquid Bonsai food that you can obtain commercially. Press solid food into the soil and dissolve with watering. You mix liquid food into the irrigation water. Use the dosage as indicated on the package. You can also use normal plant food, keep in mind that you can adjust the dosage to 60%. Your Bonsai grows all year round and therefore needs food all year round.
Your Bonsai is grown in South China and is used to an annual temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius. That is why it is extremely suitable for indoor use. If the outside temperature is higher than 12 degrees Celsius you can also place the Bonsai outside very well. Bonsai need light to grow well. Place your Bonsai in a light place, possibly with some direct sunlight. Make sure that your tree is not exposed to direct sunlight all day long.
Thanks to good growing, this Bonsai is in perfect balance. The amount of roots and leaves are excellent and the scale has also been carefully chosen. After a few years of healthy growth, the roots will pinch in the pot and the Bonsai can be repotted. This gives you the opportunity to prune the roots so that the root ball remains young and vital. Repotting is best in the spring. Remove the tree from the pot and carefully comb the roots. You can then prune 30% of the roots. For a good rejuvenation, remove some thicker roots. After this, the Bonsai can be returned to its own scale. Put some good loose potting soil, possibly mixed with some sharp sand, at the bottom of the pot and place the tree on it. You can then fill the dish with the same new soil mix.
Diseases and plagues
A healthy Bonsai has little or no problems with pests and diseases. It may possibly contain louse or spider mite. Luis can be recognized by the sticky drops and the sapwood gives the leaves a slightly speckled pale color. To prevent louse and spider mite, ensure that your Bonsai is in a well-ventilated place. This also prevents possible attack by fungi such as mildew. You can purchase adequate resources to combat the above in every garden center.
Every tree has the natural tendency to grow at the ends and to shed the oldest leaves or needles from within. You need to break this trend for a beautiful, finely branched Bonsai. This can be done very easily by pruning the end growth. The Bonsai that you have purchased already has the right shape and size and therefore only needs to be maintained. All shoots that go beyond the silhouette of the tree can be removed. All shoots on the branches that grow down or up may also be pruned. This way you keep the Bonsai healthy and in the right model.
Young branches naturally grow upwards and only bend over time. The branches of your Bonsai are bent down to display the image of an old tree. You cannot determine the shape of your Bonsai yourself by wiring. If you wrap the branches under 45 degrees with wire of the correct thickness, they can be bent into any desired shape. After a while, the branch will thicken further and start to pinch the wire. This is the right time to remove the thread