Bonsai is an art form.
Literally translated Bonsai means tree in pot. Bon stands for plant and 'sai' can be translated with bowl or pot. Bonsai is grown in Asia and evokes the image of an old tree.
A bonsai ist tries to use a living plant material to create a reduced image of an old tree or landscape in nature. Compare it with a painter or a sculptor, the one tries to capture an impression of a landscape with paint, the other does this for example with a piece of wood, the whole becomes a living work of art.
History of Bonsai.
Even before the beginning of our era, Chinese monks saw the beauty of trees that were small in nature and also had great powers. As image bearers of the mountainous environment they took the trees home and further cultivated them in pots. Later, other tree species were also used and so a culture and form culture was created that was called Bonsai. In China Bonsai is still a widespread hobby to this day and is called Penjing.
Both in Japan and in Korea there is a long history concerning Bonsai. From China, Penjing was introduced in these countries and raised to bonsai art with its own perception, with many new techniques being developed.
Europe Bonsai is only introduced in the 20th century. This was done through shows and always as an entry from China or Japan. The bonsai hobby is about 50 years old in Europe. It is only 20 years ago that bonsai has been emerging as an ornamental plant product and can no longer be ignored.
Your Bonsai has been cultivated in South China and is used to a yearly temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius. That is why it is extremely suitable for indoor use. If the outdoor temperature is higher than 12 degrees Celsius, you can also place the Bonsai outdoors. Bonsai need light to grow well. Place your Bonsai in a light place, possibly with some direct sunlight. Do not allow your tree to be in direct sunlight all day long.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and grow. Too little water will dry the leaves and, if it lasts for a long time, also allow the juice flow to dry out. Too much water causes the roots to rot in the shell and weakens the tree. Give your Bonsai water when the soil starts to dry and wait with the next irrigation until the tree has absorbed the water (at normal location this is about every two days). Always make sure that the root ball is fully suctioned, the excess water runs out of the pot through the bottom.
Every Bonsai needs certain substances to maintain its systems. It is best to use solid or liquid Bonsai Food that you can obtain from us. You feed solid feed into the soil and dissolve with the water supply. Most commonly known as solid food is the Biogold, take the largest size of the pot in cm, this is the maximum dosage of the number of grains you press in the soil. You mix liquid food through the irrigation water. Use the dosage as indicated on the packaging. You can also use normal plant food, but you should keep in mind to adjust the dosage to 60%. Your Bonsai grows throughout the year and therefore needs nutrition all year round.
Thanks to the good cultivation, this Bonsai is in perfect balance. The amount of roots and leaves is excellent and the scale has been chosen with care. After a few years (recommended around three years) of healthy growth, the roots will pinch in the pot and the Bonsai may be repotted. This gives you the opportunity to prune the roots so that the root ball remains young and vital. Repotting is best in the spring. Remove the tree from the pot and carefully remove the roots. After this you can cut away 30% of the roots. For a good rejuvenation, remove some thicker roots. After this, the Bonsai can be returned to its own scale. Put some good loose soil, possibly mixed with some sharp sand, at the bottom of the pot and place the tree on it. Then you can fill the dish with the same new soil mixture.
Akadama is a clay granulate and particularly suitable for Bonsai. This soil type ensures a good moisture balance in the pot, has a neutral acidity and does not contain too many nutrients. The soil can be applied 100% or mixed with potting soil up to 50%. Kiryu is a rock that provides extra good drainage in the bonsai pot. It is particularly suitable to mix with Akadama for Bonsai species that keep dry feet like Pinus, Picea and Juniperus. The maximum mixing ratio is 50 Kiryu.
Diseases and plagues
A healthy Bonsai has little or no problems with diseases and pests. There may be lice or spider. Luis recognizes you by the sticky drops and spider gives the leaf a light speckled pale color. To prevent lice and spider you should ensure that your Bonsai is in a well-ventilated place. This also prevents possible infestation by fungi such as mildew. In every garden center you can buy adequate resources to combat the above.
Every tree has the natural tendency to grow at the ends and repel the oldest leaves or needles from the inside. For a beautiful, finely branched Bonsai you have to break this trend. This can be done very simply by pruning the end growth. The Bonsai you have purchased already has the right shape and size and therefore only needs to be maintained. You can remove all shoots that are outside the silhouette of the tree. All shoots on the branches that grow downwards or upwards can also be pruned. This way you keep the Bonsai healthy and in the right model. All necessary tools can be found on our site.
Young branches grow naturally and do not bend over time. The branches of your Bonsai are bent downwards to represent the image of an old tree. You can not determine the shape of your Bonsai or further by means of wiring. If you wrap the branches at 45 degrees with wire of the correct thickness, these can be bent into any desired shape. After some time, the branch will continue to thicken and pinch the wire. This is the right time to remove the wire again