Literally translated, Bonsai means: tree in pot. Bon stands for plant and 'sai' can be translated as bowl or pot. Bonsai is grown in Asia and evokes the image of an old tree.
A bonsai-ist tries to create a reduced image of an old tree or landscape in nature with living plant material. Compare it with a painter or a sculptor, one tries to capture an impression of a landscape with paint, the other does this for example with a piece of wood, the whole becomes a living work of art.
Even before the beginning of our era, Chinese monks saw the beauty of trees that remained small in nature and also attributed great powers to them. As an image carrier of the mountainous environment, they took the trees home and grew them further in pots. Later other tree species were also used and this is how a cultivation and mold culture emerged that has come to be called Bonsai. In China, Bonsai is a widespread hobby to this day and is called Penjing.
There is a long history of Bonsai in both Japan and Korea. Penjing was introduced to these countries from China and elevated with its own perception to bonsai art, in which many new techniques have been developed.
In Europe, the bonsai only introduced in the 20th century. This happened through shows and always as an entry from China or Japan. Bonsai as a hobby is about 50 years old in Europe. Bonsai has only emerged as an ornamental plant product for about 20 years and is now indispensable.
Your Bonsai is grown in South China and is used to an annual temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius. That is why it is extremely suitable for indoor use. If the outside temperature is higher than 12 degrees Celsius, you can also place the Bonsai outside very well. Bonsai need light to grow properly. Place your Bonsai in a light place, possibly with some direct sunlight. Make sure that your tree is not in direct sun all day.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and grow. Too little water will dry out the leaves and if it persists for a long time, it will also dry out the sap flow. Too much water will cause the roots in the shell to rot and weaken the tree. Water your Bonsai when the soil starts to dry up and wait for the next watering until the tree has absorbed the water (with a normal location this is approximately every two days). Always make sure that the root ball is properly absorbed, the excess water runs out of the pot through the bottom.
Every Bonsai needs certain substances to maintain its systems. It is best to use solid or liquid Bonsai food that you can obtain from us. You press solid food into the soil and dissolve with the watering. Most known as solid food is the Biogold, take the largest size of the pot in cm, this is the maximum dosage of the number of granules you press into the soil. Mix liquid food with the irrigation water. Handle the dosage as indicated on the packaging. You can also use normal plant food, but keep in mind to adjust the dosage to 60%. Your Bonsai grows all year round and therefore needs nutrition all year round.
Thanks to the good cultivation, this Bonsai is in perfect balance. The amount of roots and foliage are in an excellent relationship and the scale size has been chosen with care. After a number of years (recommended around three years) of healthy growth, the roots will pinch in the pot and the Bonsai can be repotted. This gives you the opportunity to prune the roots so that the root ball remains young and vital. It is best to repot in the spring. Remove the tree from the pot and carefully comb out the roots. After this you can prune 30% of the roots. For good rejuvenation, remove some thicker roots. After this, the Bonsai can be returned to its own bowl. Put some good loose potting soil, possibly mixed with some sharp sand, at the bottom of the pot and place the tree on top. You can then fill the bowl with the same new soil mixture.
Akadama is a clay granulate and particularly suitable for Bonsai. This soil type ensures a good moisture balance in the pot, has a neutral acidity and does not contain too many nutrients. The soil can be applied 100% or mixed with potting soil up to 50%. Kiryu is a rock that provides extra good drainage in the bonsai pot. It is particularly suitable to mix with Akadama for Bonsai species that like dry feet such as Pinus, Picea and Juniperus. The maximum mixing ratio is 50 Kiryu.
A healthy Bonsai has little to no problems with diseases and pests. Louse or spider mites may enter it. Luis can be recognized by the sticky drops and spider mites give the leaves a slightly speckled pale color. To prevent aphids and spider mites, make sure that your Bonsai is in a well-ventilated place. This also prevents possible damage by fungi such as mildew. You can buy adequate remedies to combat the above at any garden center.
Each tree has a natural tendency to grow at the tips and shed the oldest leaves or needles from within. For a beautiful, finely branched Bonsai you have to break this trend. This can be done very simply by pruning the tip growth. The Bonsai you have purchased already has the right shape and size and therefore only needs to be maintained. You can remove all shoots that are outside the silhouette of the tree. All shoots on the branches that grow downwards or upwards may also be pruned. This way you keep the Bonsai healthy and in the right shape. All necessary tools can be found on our site.
Young branches naturally grow upward and only bend over time. The branches of your Bonsai are bent down to give the image of an old tree. You can neither determine the shape of your Bonsai yourself by means of wiring. If you wrap the branches at 45 degrees with wire of the right thickness, they can be bent into any desired shape. After a while the branch will thicken further and pinch the wire. Now is the right time to remove the thread
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