The origin of the Croton comes from the Asian countries such as India, Indonesia and Malaysia. The Croton just grows there in the wild. The croton comes from the family of the Crotoneae. Known in the Netherlands as the Euphorbia family. There are many species that are distinguished mainly by the different colors and shapes of the leaves.
Because it is a tropical plant, it is important to always keep the soil slightly damp. You can let the plant dry on before water is given again, make sure that the roots do not stay in the water because of the root rot. in the period of growth that runs from March to August a little more water as in winter.
If the pot is provided (or you provide it yourself) with a substrate and a water meter, watering is easy! Upon arrival there is little water, fill the pot slowly with water (sometimes wait) and you will see that the meter automatically rises. All you have to do is keep an eye on this meter. If you go on vacation, you can fill the pot almost half full (you can see this at the meter which comes to an end above its maximum) and you can safely leave for 3 weeks. In addition, it is also not bad if the plants do not get too much water too quickly. The substrate absorbs the water, so when the water meter is at the bottom the substrate is still damp, but there is no water at the bottom of the pot. The plant then has more than enough for 4 summer days.
Spray the Croton regularly to remove dust from the leaves and to prevent vermin. Preferably 1 x per week. If you heat the room even 2 times is recommended. Spraying also promotes the quality and ornamental value of the houseplant.
The Croton does well in a lot of light. This beautiful variegated plant prefers a window on the north, east or west. The croton needs at least 5 hours of sun per day. If you plant the plant at a south-facing window, then place + - 2 to 3 meters away from the window because otherwise the plant will get too much direct sunlight. If this houseplant is lighter, the leaves will color more. Is the leaf dark then give more light.
18 ° C during the day
12 ° C at night
Feeding the Croton only in the spring and summer, In the winter is the resting period for most plants, then no feeding. Never give too much this can lead to burning of the roots. Check the packaging for the correct dosage.
A Croton can best be transplanted in a larger pot once every two years. The best period for the transfer is the spring or immediately after purchase of the plant. A larger pot will stimulate the growth and the advantage is a larger buffer soil so that the water is more dispersed and there is less chance of root rot. Always take a pot that is 20 to 25% larger and do not use Hydro granules on the bottom of the pot. It is best to use a plastic insert with large pots.
If a Croton is in the ideal place for light intensity, the leaves will be more colorful. If the leaves of the wonder bush get dark, you can better place the croton near a window. If the codiaeum gets dark edges, the cause is often too much water. With constant leaf fall, the plant probably has too much water or too little light.
A Croton is best prune in the autumn. You do this by cutting off the trunk at the desired height. The trunk will bleed "after cutting off". This bleeding can be stopped with wax or cigarette ash. The advantage of cutting off is that the plant receives more light and stays more compact. The Croton will branch off "on every branch where it has been pruned". This will give you a nice full room or office plant.
The juice of the croton that is "released after cutting" can irritate, and also gives the juice stains if it comes into contact with clothing.
When the thicker and full plants occasionally look at the leaves and stems or there is no vermin there. Common diseases are Spider mite and mealy bug. Wolluis can arise from a trip on the plant. Spin through dry air (think of a convector well) Use a biological "or if desired" a chemical pesticide to treat the plants.
The Kroton or also called wonder bush is a versatile plant that occurs in many variations.