The origin of the ficus is Africa, South America and the south of the US. The Ficus belongs to the Moraceae or Mulberry family.
Generally give moderate watering, in the growing period that runs from March to August a little more than in the winter. You can let the soil dry out a little before watering again. However, do not leave the roots in the water, as this causes root rot.
If the pot is provided (or you provide it yourself) with a substrate and a water meter, watering is easy! On arrival there is little water in it, fill the pot slowly with water (sometimes wait a while) and you will see that the meter automatically rises. All you have to do is keep an eye on this meter. If you go on holiday, you can fill the pot almost half full (you can see this on the meter that is well above its maximum) and you can safely go 3 weeks away. In addition, it is not bad if the plants do not get too much water too quickly. The substrate absorbs the water, so when the water meter is at the bottom, the substrate is still moist, but there is no more water at the bottom of the pot. The plant then still has enough space for 4 summer days.
It is therefore advisable to spray the Ficus regularly to remove dust from the leaves and to prevent spider mites.
The Ficus likes to be in a light place and needs a minimum of 4 to 5 hours of sunlight per day. With a south-facing window, the ficus can be placed two to three meters away from the window. The plant within one meter of a window on the East, West and North. if the Ficus is too dark you have more chance of leaf fall and new leaves will grow more difficult.
18 ° C during the day
15 ° C at night
The Ficus does not need much nutrition. After purchase, the Ficus can go for months without food. Give food only in the spring or summer. Never give too much this can lead to burning of the roots. Check the package for the correct dosage.
It is best to repot a Ficus once every two years in a larger pot. The best period for repotting is spring or immediately after the plant has been purchased. A larger pot will stimulate growth and the advantage is a larger buffer soil so that the water is spread more and there is less chance of root rot. Always take a pot that is 20 to 25% larger and do not use Hydro granules at the bottom of the pot. It is best to use a plastic insert cover for large pots.
If you move a Ficus or there is too little light, the plant will lose leaf. This is also likely to happen when you purchase in the winter. In the winter, it is better to place the houseplant closer to a window. In the spring, the Ficus will "recover with proper care" and thus create new leaves.
If the ficus gets yellow leaves while you are being cared for as usual, then maybe give some new food.
A ficus is a relatively fast grower and it is therefore best to prune every fall. The advantage of this is that the plant receives more light, stays more compact and you don't get long shoots. The Ficus lyrata is an odd man out. It is best to prune this houseplant in late spring (May-June). The reason for this is that the Lyrata needs more power to walk out. The Ficus lyrata will "branch at every branch where it is pruned". This gives you a nice full room or office plant. Use a pair of secateurs and cover the wounds with cigarette ash to stop the bleeding of the houseplant.
The ficus is a poisonous plant. If you come into contact with the white milk juice, this may irritate the skin. Eating the leaves by children and pets can cause butterflies on the skin.
The Ficus is a versatile plant that occurs in many variations.