Croton: houseplant of the month october
Green, yellow, red, orange, brown, purple, black - flamboyant Croton brings in the glow of fall. It is a very striking plant with thick, shiny leaves that radiate that nature had an exceptionally good day when she came up with this beauty. The most famous is the variegated Croton, but there are also varieties with only yellow-green markings. You have a choice of small and large leaves and there is also one with narrow, wavy leaves. It is one of the few foliage plants that can tolerate direct sunlight. It is officially called Codiaeum variegatum, but the name Croton is so well established that we use it for consumers.
Croton grows on the mainland of Southeast Asia and the Indian Archipelago, including Indonesia. In many countries the plant is used as a fence, Croton can grow tall in those regions and grow as a woody shrub. As a houseplant you will usually find medium to XL specimens. The name is derived from the Greek kroton. That means tick and has to do with the seeds of the plant that look like ticks. Codiaeum belongs to the family of the Euphorbiaceae which also includes other well-known houseplants such as poinsettia and honey locust.
Choice of assortment
There are many appearances from large to small, including cultivars with different leaf shapes and leaf markings. They all belong to the species C. variegatum, which means variegated or varied and refers to the multicolored foliage. Some large-leaved cultivars are: Excellent, Petra, Norma, Mrs. Iceton, Nervia, Tamara and Wilma. Some small-leaved cultivars are: Gold Star, Gold Finger, Gold Sun, Mammi and Yellow Banana.
- Croton likes a light to sunny spot. First get the plant used to a sunny spot to prevent the leaves from burning.
- Never allow the root ball to dry out completely, watch out for watering that is too cold in winter, as this can cause leaf fall.
- Croton likes a shower or a spray, in the summer the plant can also go outside in a rain shower.
- Yellow or ugly leaves can be removed.
- When the plant has become too high or less beautiful, it can be pruned, best in the low light winter months.
- Give some houseplant food once a month.
- In the winter months, preferably put it in a cooler room for a while (it must be at least 15ºC) to allow it to relax.
- In the summer months, Croton can be placed on the terrace or balcony, provided the temperature does not drop below 15 degrees.
(source: Bloemenbureauholland.nl )