Ferns: houseplants of the month february

The story of Ferns

From bushy to stylized and from dark green to silvery gray green, ferns have many forms of which the leaves also differ from each other. One has curls, the other more feathers and a third does not fringes at all. Together they form an attractive green group of plants that fits the growing interest in botanical elements and collections in the home. As an extra help ferns keep the air in the house healthy.


Ferns are among the oldest plants in the world. Fossil remains have been found of some 420 million years old and (tree) ferns were the most common plants on the surface of the earth for a long time. Coal layers are built, among other things, from dead remains of ferns. There are about 10,000 different species that grow everywhere in humid regions. Only in deserts and locations with eternal snow ferns are missing in the landscape. The ferns that are used as residential plants come from tropical and subtropical regions.

Choice of assortment

The popular ferns as living plants are deer horn (Platycerium) nest fern (Asplenium) apepootje (Davallia), blue fern (Phlebodium), maidenhair (Adiantum), iron fern (Cyrtomium) wing fern (Pteris) and pellaea (dime fern) and the famous curled fern ( Neprolepis). Types with harder and stiffer leaves are easier to care for because they evaporate slightly less moisture. Ideally suited for use as hanging fern are nest fern and deer horn.

Care tips

  • Ferns like to be light, but not in full sun.
  • Do not give water in the heart, but on the earth and make sure that the root ball is always moist.
  • Ferns do well in a place with a high humidity such as the kitchen and the bathroom.
  • When the fern enters a room with dry air, put the pot in a nice bowl with water, which can evaporate around the plant.
  • Give some plant nutrition during the growing season every 3-4 weeks.
  • Ferns thrive on regular spraying and mist.
  • Yellow or old leaves can be removed.

(source: Bloemenbureauholland.nl )

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