Cactus: houseplant of the month for august 2020
Be it the trendy geometric shapes or the unapproachable appearance, Cactus is an exciting houseplant that has a great effect in an interior and often lives with its owners for generations. The comeback of this classic is mainly in the fact that it is a very easy houseplant and in its special appearance.
The spiky forms known as cacti (official name: Cactaceae) are found only in a wide range in North and South America, with a strong concentration in Mexico. The plants grow mainly in dry desert-like regions where they have masterfully adapted to the extremely dry conditions and are also able to reproduce during survival.
The name cactus comes from the Greek word 'kaktos', which means 'prickly plant'. Every cactus is a succulent, but not all succulents are cacti. Like many other succulents, cacti have succulent properties, the ability to store moisture in their thick, fleshy trunk and stems. These reservoirs serve to bridge dry periods. Cactus roots are highly developed and usually lie close to the surface to absorb as much water as possible during rainy times.
Areoles are located on the stems, the place where the leaves should actually be. At Cactus they have developed into plant parts, such as thorns, spines, glochids (bundles of hair with barbs) and bundles of long hair. The epidermis of Cactus is coated with a wax layer to minimize evaporation. Cactus has been cultivated for centuries, mostly by true enthusiasts.
Choice of assortment
The range of cacti is enormous and varies from miniscule tight shapes to whimsical immense columns and from soft gray hairs to large sharp thorns. Many cactuses are sold in mixed trays, especially the small sizes. The most commonly offered varieties are Echinocactus, Ferocactus, Gymnocalycium, Opuntia and Mamillaria.
- The care of cacti is simple. To get the plants to flower well every year, it is best to water a little more in the summer and less in the winter. This partly depends on the type and size of the plant.
- Too much water is never good, it is better to let the soil dry out, before watering the plant again.
- In the summer, a cactus can be warm and sunny, even outside on a terrace or balcony. In winter, the site is cooler and light. This dormancy period in winter helps the cactus to flower in the spring.
- If the plant needs to be repotted, use a fairly poor soil type. Special cactus soil is commercially available for this.
- Place the plants in a safe place when children or pets are present.
(source: Bloemenbureauholland.nl )