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Dendrobium: houseplant of the month of march 2020

The story of the Dendrobium

Dendrobium is a popular orchid, from the same family as Phalaenopsis, Cambria and Cymbidium. All these orchids are characterized by the typical structure of the flower with five sepals and petals, a beautiful lip and a cap.

Dendrobium usually grows in nature as an epiphytic orchid on rocks or in trees, without extracting any nutrients from it: the roots get it from the air. As a pot orchid they therefore stand in well-drained, airy soil or bark. The most famous is Dendrobium nobile, a torch of flowers with beautiful patterns

Origin

Dendrobium is a popular genus in the Orchidaceae family. The approximately 1,200 Dendrobium species occur naturally in a fairly large distribution area in the form of a huge triangle, from the Himalayas, southern Japan to Australia and New Zealand. Dendrobium often grows in nature as an epiphytic orchid on rocks or in trees, without extracting food from it.

Choice of assortment

There are two types of Dendrobium orchids: the compact and the phalaenopsis hybrids. The compactum species often have several bulbs (mature shoots), and therefore also several flower branches with smaller flowers (1 to 7 centimeters). The most famous species is Dendrobium nobile, a torch of flowers with beautiful patterns. There are a number of series of which the Star Class is the best known. The phalaenopsis hybrids have one to two branches with larger flowers (7 centimeters or larger). The most famous of these is the Sa-Nook series in many different colors from yellow, green, white to purple, pink and bicolor. The lip color can also vary. We also come across a number of very natural looking botanical species: D. kingianum x biggibum and the D. Berry Oda.

Care tips

  • Dendrobium prefers to stand at room temperature of 18-25 ºC.
  • The plant requires a light location. The plant can have direct sunlight in the winter months. From the beginning of April to the beginning of October the sun is too bright and the plant may not be directly in the sun. Also in the areas of origin, the tropical rain forests, the plant does not get direct sunlight.
  • The plant does not need much water, once a week is sufficient, but also does not allow it to dry out completely. Too much water is more harmful than too little and gives a yellow leaf.
  • After flowering, allow the plant to rest for 6 - 8 weeks and keep it drier and cooler at 15 ºC in, for example, a bedroom or utility room. The plant then responds to the low temperature by creating buds as a survival strategy. The plant needs little water during this cool period. If the new buds are visible, the plant can regain normal care, so that it can show off its beautiful flowers again.
  • Never place Dendrobium in the vicinity of ethylene sources such as fruit and vegetables. This ensures that the button falls, buttons do not open or accelerated aging.
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(source: Bloemenbureauholland.nl )

 

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