The origin of the ficus is Africa, South America and the south of the US. The Ficus belongs to the family Moreaceae or Mulberry.
In general moderate watering, in the growth period from March to August a little more than in winter. You can let the soil dry out slightly before watering again. However, do not leave the roots in the water, this will cause root rot.
If the pot is provided (or you provide it yourself) with a substrate and a water meter, watering is easy! On arrival there is little water in it, fill the pot slowly with water (sometimes wait) and you will see that the meter will rise by itself. All you have to do is keep an eye on this meter. If you go on holiday, you can fill the pot almost half full (you can see this from the meter that is well above its maximum) and you can safely leave for 3 weeks. In addition, it is also not a problem if the plants are not watered too much and too quickly. The substrate absorbs the water, so when the water meter is at the bottom, the substrate is still moist, but there is no more water at the bottom of the pot. The plant then still has enough space for 4 summer days.
Spraying the Ficus regularly to remove dust from the leaves and to prevent spider mites is therefore recommended.
The Ficus likes to be in a light position and needs at least 4 to 5 hours of sunlight per day. With a south-facing window, the ficus can be placed two to three meters away from the window. The plant within one meter of a window on the East, West and North. if the Ficus is too dark, you have more chance of leaf fall and new leaves will grow more difficult.
During the day 18 ° C
At night 15 ° C
The Ficus does not need much nutrition. After purchase, the Ficus can go without food for months. Feed only in spring or summer. Never give too much as this can lead to burning of the roots. Look on the packaging for the correct dosage.
It is best to transplant a Ficus into a larger pot once every two years. The best period for repotting is spring or immediately after purchase of the plant. A larger pot will stimulate growth and the advantage is a larger buffer soil so that the water is spread more and there is less chance of root rot. Always take a pot that is 20 to 25% larger and do not use Hydro granules on the bottom of the pot. It is best to use a plastic insert sleeve for large pots.
If you move a Ficus or if there is too little light, the plant will lose leaves. This is also more likely when purchasing in winter. It is therefore preferable to place the houseplant closer to a window in the winter period. In the spring, the Ficus will recover “with proper care” and thus produce new leaves.
If the ficus gets yellow leaves while you are caring for it as always, then maybe give it some new food.
A ficus is a relatively fast grower and is therefore best pruned every autumn. The advantage of this is that the plant receives more light, stays more compact and you do not get long shoots. The Ficus lyrata is the odd one out. This houseplant is best pruned in late spring (May-June). The reason for this is that the Lyrata needs more power to run out. The Ficus lyrata will branch “at every branch where it is pruned”. This gives you a nice full room or office plant. Use pruning shears and cover the wounds with cigarette ash to stop the houseplant from bleeding.
The ficus is a poisonous plant. If you come into contact with the white milk juice, it can irritate the skin. Eating the leaves by children and pets can cause dents on the skin.
The Ficus is a versatile plant that occurs in many variations.