Araucaria is a genus of evergreen conifers from the family Araucariaceae. There are still 19 species in the genus Araucaria. These have a very large range, which includes New Caledonia (here are 13 species endemic), Norfolk, eastern Australia, New Guinea, Argentina, Chile and southern Brazil.
The Araucaria is one of the oldest living plant species on earth. The Araucaria Heterophylla originates from Australia and originally from the Australian Norfolk Island. From where also the name Norfolk Island Pine. In its natural place, the tree can reach a height of 40 meters and a diameter of 15 meters.
The Auracaria is not very difficult when it comes to the location. The plant does not need a lot of light and is best placed a few meters from a window. You can also place it in front of a window on the north. It doesn't happen that quickly that this plant is not satisfied with the location.
The plant can tolerate temperatures between +5 and +35 degrees Celsius, but the optimal temperature is between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius. The root ball must always be well moist. Watering once a week is usually sufficient and preferably with some fertilizer (e.g. pokon). It is best to keep 1 gram per litre of water. In the living room, Araucaria only grows a few centimetres per year, both in length and width. When repotting, use a new pot that is at least 20% wider than the previous pot. The Araucaria has hardly any roots, so it doesn't matter much when you repot the plant. Furthermore, it is not necessary but it does improve the ornamental value if you regularly spray the plant.
The Araucaria descends from the Araucarioxylon arizonicum, which descends from the family of the Snakes, owes its name to its winding thick trunks. The Araucaria belongs to the conifers and is found in the southern hemisphere in Brazil and Australia, among others.
The Araucaria is a plant that hardly ever suffers from vermin. But if it does occur, it is probably a mealybug. It is then advisable to combat this immediately with a biological or if desired a chemical pesticide.