These decorative and often bizarre plants are only found in the New World (America). Most Tillandsias grow, often together with orchids, on trees or cacti. However, they are parasites because they crystallize the necessary moisture and food from the air with their exceptional gift. They do not require a breeding ground to live, which makes this Tillandsia quite easy to maintain.
The Tillandsia enjoys best in a place where occasionally there is some sun, but also enough shade. An example is a spot a few meters from a window on the north. The plant can also stand in front of a window on the east, west or south, but it is important to take even more distance from the window.
Preferably give the Tillandsia rainwater, as rainwater does not contain lime and the Tillandsia does not like lime. Water regularly during the summer months. In winter watering is considerably less as the plant will then be in rest and consumes little energy. You can choose to give some extra plant nutrition during the summer months. Give a little less than the indicated dosage. Too much is not good. Never give extra food in the winter, that is superfluous.
The Tillandsia belongs to the Bromelia family and has 500 species. The history of this plant goes back to 65 million years ago. The plant is named after the Swedish botanist Elias Tillands, and because the Tillandsia can maintain itself high and dry and this botanist hated water, the plant was named after him.
If the Tillandsia suffers from vermin, it is important to control it as soon as possible with a biological or if desired a chemical pesticide.
The Tillandsia has more than 500 species, but these are the most popular;
- Tillandsia usneoides, has a very special appearance and is also called Spanish moss.
- Tillandsia xerographica, one of the larger species
- Tillandsia Ionantha, one of the smaller species, which needs very little care.
- Tillandsia caput medusae, This species is reminiscent of Medusa from Greek mythology.