The Bougainvillea belongs to the Nyctaginaceae. This is the family of the Night Beauty-like. The Bougainvillea originates from the South American highlands, where it was discovered and brought to Europe by the French admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) in the second half of the 18th century. Hundreds of species and varieties are now known. Even now, new varieties are added through crossings. The actual beautiful colors of the Bougainvillea do not come from the flowers (because the flowers themselves are small and inconspicuous), but from the beautifully colored bracts.
If you buy a Bougainvillea in the spring, it is not wise to repot it immediately, this often causes problems for the roots.
The ideal place for a Bougainvillea is a sunny, reasonably sheltered place on your terrace or balcony. It is advisable to put the Bougainvillea inside during the night during night frost.
A Bougainvillea that is outside takes up water depending on the weather conditions, especially in sunny weather, daily monitoring of water needs is necessary. If you keep the plant drier, it will flower more profusely. Make sure that excess water can always leave the pot, a Bougainvillea hates "wet feet".
In addition to water, the Bougainvillea also needs food. Once every 14 days is sufficient, you can use slow-release fertilizers available at your garden center.
The Bougainvillea is not very sensitive to harmful insects, sometimes an infestation of green or black aphids is possible. Combating is possible by soap spirit: you take 20ml. liquid soap + 10ml. spirits in 1 liter of water, spray the plant every 5 days until the louse is no longer visible. Another option is to go to your garden center to guess.
Growth in spring - summer - autumn and winter
After you have purchased your Bougainvillea and of course not transplanted it, it is still possible that the flowers fall off easily, this can have all kinds of causes. Bougainvillea â€˜s are sensitive to changes â€particularly transport and storing too long in dark conditionsâ€ give flower fall. Do not worry the flowers will often return even more abundantly than before. In the summer the Bougainvillea will often flower profusely until September/October, the watering will have to be reduced when the sun wanes. This contributes to a good root system for the winter.
Overwintering your Bougainvillea is possible at 5-10gr C in a light place. Make sure the roots are not wet, but also not too dry. In the winter months the plant can lose its leaves, this is normal, now is also the time to prune the plant into the desired model. Repotting to a possible larger pot is now also possible.
Keep in mind that in the second year the Bougainvillea blooms later. This can be influenced somewhat by growing a little drier and giving it enough nutrition.