The Bougainvillea belongs to the Nyctaginaceae. This is the family of the Nachtschone-like. The Bougainvillea originates from the South American highlands, where he was discovered by the French admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) in the second half of the 18th century and brought to Europe. In the meantime hundreds of species and varieties are known. New varieties are now also added by crossings. The actual beautiful colors of the Bougainvillea do not come from the flowers (because the flowers themselves are small and unobtrusive), but from the beautifully colored bracts.
If you buy a Bougainvillea in the spring, it is not wise to repot it immediately, which often gives problems to the roots.
The ideal place for a Bougainvillea is a sunny, reasonably sheltered place on your terrace or balcony. It is advisable to use the Bougainvillea at night during the night.
A Bougainvillea that is outside takes up water depending on the weather, especially in sunny weather daily monitoring of water needs is necessary. If you keep the plant a little drier, it will bloom more abundantly. Make sure that excess water can always get out of the pot, a Bougainvillea hates "wet feet".
In addition to water, the Bougainvillea also needs food once every 14 days is sufficient, you can use slowly released fertilizers available at your garden center.
The Bougainvillea is not very susceptible to harmful insects, sometimes it is possible to attack green or black aphids. Control is possible through soap spirits: you take 20ml. liquid soap + 10ml. spirit in 1 liter of water, spray the plant every 5 days until there is nothing to see from the louse. Another possibility is to guess at your garden center.
Growth in spring - summer - autumn and winter
After you have purchased your Bougainvillea and of course not replanted it is still possible that the flowers fall off easily, this can have all kinds of causes. Bougainvillea 's are sensitive to changes "in particular transport and keep it under dark conditions for too long" give a flower fall. Do not be alarmed the flowers will often return even more abundantly than before. In the summer, the Bougainvillea will usually bloom richly until September / October, with the watering will have to be reduced with decreasing sun. This contributes to a good root system for the winter.
Overwintering your Bougainvillea is possible at 5-10gr C in a light place. Make sure the roots are not wet, but also not too dry. In the winter months the plant can lose its leaf, this is normal, it is now also the time to prune the plant in the desired model. Repotting to a possibly. larger pot is now also possible.
Keep in mind that in the second year the Bougainvillea blooms later. This can be somewhat influenced by growing a drier and providing sufficient nutrition.