Ficus is one of the most popular indoor plants. It is a very versatile plant and available in all shapes and sizes. Ficus comes from a warm climate and therefore it is advisable to place it in a light spot.
Ficus likes to stand on a light spot and needs at least 4 to 5 hours of sunlight a day. In a south-facing window, Ficus can be placed two to three metres from the window. The plant within one meter of a window on the East, West and North. If Ficus is too dark, there is more chance of leaf fall and new leaves will grow more difficult. Ficus does not like to be moved frequently. Make sure you have a good spot so that you don't have to move it anymore and the plant can get used to the spot completely.
A minimum daytime temperature of 18 degrees Celsius and a minimum nighttime temperature of 15 degrees Celsius is recommended.
Generally give moderate watering, in the growth period from March to August slightly more than in winter. You can let the soil dry out slightly before watering again. However, do not leave the roots in the water, this causes root rot.
If the pot is provided (or you provide it yourself) with a substrate and a water meter, watering is easy! Upon arrival there is little water in it, fill the pot slowly with water (sometimes wait a while) and you will see that the meter will rise automatically. All you have to do is keep an eye on this meter. If you go on holiday you can fill the pot almost half full (you can see this on the meter which then rises a bit above its maximum) and you can safely leave for 3 weeks. It is also not bad if the plants do not get water too much and too fast. The substrate absorbs the water, so when the water meter is at the bottom, the substrate is still moist, but there is no water left at the bottom of the pot. The plant still has enough space for 4 summer days.
Spraying Ficus regularly to remove dust from the leaves and prevent spider mites is therefore recommended.
Ficus does not need much power. After purchase, Ficus can be left without food for months. Feeding only in spring or summer. Never give too much this can lead to burning of the roots. Look at the packaging for the correct dosage.
A Ficus is best repainted once every two years in a larger pot. The best period for transplanting is spring or immediately after purchasing the plant. A larger pot will stimulate the growth and the advantage is a larger buffer of soil so that the water is spread more and there is less chance of root rot. Always take a pot that is 20 to 25% larger and do not use Hydro grains on the bottom of the pot. It is best to use a plastic insert sleeve for large pots.
A ficus is a relatively fast grower and is best pruned every autumn. The advantage of this is that the plant receives more light, remains more compact and you do not get long shoots. Ficus lyrata is a strange duck in the bite. This houseplant is best pruned in late spring (May-June). The reason for this is that the Lyrata needs more power to walk out. Ficus lyrata will branch out "at every branch where it has been pruned". This will give you a nice full house or office plant. Use a pruning shears and cover the wounds with cigarette bag to stop the bleeding of the houseplant.
If you move a Ficus or there is too little light, then the plant will lose leaf. This is also more likely when you buy a Ficus in the winter. It is therefore better to place the houseplant closer to a window during the winter period. In the spring, Ficus will "if properly cared for" recover and thus create new leaves.
If the Ficus gets yellow leaves while you take care of it as always, you may want to give it some new nutrition.
The ficus is a very strong plant and can live up to 500 years in nature. The origin of the ficus is Africa, South America and the south of the US. Ficus belongs to the Moreaceae or Mulberry family. A number of species are also found in the Mediterranean. The juice that came from these trees was used for latex and rubber but nowadays the plant is only used as a houseplant.
Ficus only develops diseases if the plant is in a place where it drains. However, humans and animals can also transmit diseases to the plant. Therefore, check regularly if there are any diseases or pests on the plant and spray the plant regularly so that different species of aphids will not get there quickly.