Literally translated means Bonsai: tree in pot. Bon stands for plant and 'sai' can be translated as bowl or pot. Bonsai is grown in Asia and evokes the image of an old tree.
- A bonsai ist tries with live plant material to create a reduced image of an old tree or landscape in nature. Compare it to a painter or a sculptor, the one trying to paint an impression of catching a landscape, the other does this for example with a piece of wood, the whole is a living work of art.
Your Bonsai is grown in southern China and is accustomed to an annual temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius. Therefore it is ideal to get indoors. If the outside temperature is above 12 degrees Celsius, you can Bonsai very good estates. Bonsai need light to grow well. Place your Bonsai therefore in a bright place, possibly with some direct sunlight. do not allow your tree all day standing in the direct sun.
Try to keep a temperature between 12 and 30 degrees Celsius.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and grow. Too little water will dry out the leaves and if it persists for a long time, the juice stream will also dry out. Too much water will cause the roots in the bowl to rot and weaken the tree. Water your Bonsai when the soil begins to dry out and wait with the next irrigation until the tree has absorbed the water (in a normal location, this is about every two days). Always make sure that the root ball fills up well, the excess water flows out of the pot via the underside.
Every Bonsai needs certain substances to maintain its systems. It is best to use solid or liquid Bonsai food that you can obtain from us. Solid feed is pressed into the soil and dissolves with the watering. Most known as solid food is the Biogold, take the largest size of the pot in cm, this is the maximum dosage of the number of grains you press into the soil. Mix liquid food through the water. Handle the dosage as indicated on the packaging. You can also use normal plant food, but keep in mind to adjust the dosage to 60%. Your Bonsai grows all year round and therefore needs nutrition all year round.
Pruning to maintain the overall tree shape could be done all year round. A special twig scissors is handy, but an ordinary house and garden scissors could also be used. Only when pruning thick branches is recommended the use of concave pliers.
Even before the beginning of our era, Chinese monks saw the beauty of trees that remained small in nature and attributed great powers to them. As image bearers of the mountainous surroundings, they took the trees home and continued to grow them in pots. Later, other tree species were used as well, and so a culture of cultivation and shape was created, which is now called Bonsai. In China Bonsai is to this day a widespread hobby and is called Penjing.
Both in Japan and Korea there is a long history of Bonsai. From China Penjing has been introduced in these countries and with their own perception elevated to bonsai art where many new techniques have been developed.
In Europe, the bonsai was only introduced in the 20th century. This happened through shows and always as an entry from China or Japan. The bonsai as a hobby is about 50 years old in Europe. Only since about 20 years bonsai as a floriculture product has come into existence and nowadays it is impossible to imagine without it.
Unfortunately, Bonsai can also contract various diseases or have to deal with vermin. Insects such as mealybug, vine weevils, scale insects, caterpillars and ants can be found on the plants.
When the leaves turn yellow and fall off, this often indicates a shortage of water. If the leaves slowly turn yellow and die, this is the result of too much water, under-fertilization or over-fertilization.
Mortality of branches and discoloration of leaves can cause viruses or fungi. When this occurs it is advisable to buy fungicide spray.